The Cyprus Institute

Panagia Apsinthiotissa Monastery (Refectory)

The refectory to the north of the church is an elongated cross-vaulted hall (c.5 x 20m) with an apse on the east wall (bearing traces of fresco). The window arches and the transversal arch responds of the original north wall (carrying the vaults) were built in brick. The structure was extensively restored in 1965-69: the site was excavated (an hypocaust belonging to a later Turkish bath was found, as well as a later south wall), the west and south walls, the cross-vaults over the three bays, the barrel vault over the east bay and the conch of the apse were rebuilt.

Agia Solomoni Catacomb

The catacomb of Agia Solomoni is located on the south-west side of the “Fabrika” hill, along the main road to the harbor of Kato Paphos, in close relation with the church of Panayia Chrysopolitissa. The site is an underground complex of Hellenistic tombs carved into the bedrock, composed by a central courtyard surrounded by four rooms and a staircase leading to a water spring. Most probably these spaces were later used by hermits and monks during the Byzantine period.

Othello Tower

The so-called 'Othello tower' is a medieval citadel located in Famagusta, Cyprus. Its name is related to the Venetian governor Christoforo Moro (1506-08) who is believed was the model for Shakespear's Othello. The rectangular in plan castle is protected by four massive circular towers guarding its corners. The citadel architectural complex is organized in four wings enclosing a central open courtyard.

Khirokitia Vouni

The site of Khirokitia Vouni was discovered in 1934 by Porphyrios Dikaios who, on behalf of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus, conducted six field campaigns between 1936 and 1946. The exploration of the site was resumed in 1977 by a French mission sponsored by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Buzludzha Monument

The Monument House of the Bulgarian Communist Party (also known as the Buzludzha Monument) was built on Buzludzha Peak in central Bulgaria by the Bulgarian communist regime. It commemorated the events of 1891, when a group of socialists led by Dimitar Blagoev assembled secretly in the area to form an organised socialist movement that led to the founding of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party, a forerunner of the Bulgarian Communist Party.

The monument was abandoned after the fall of Communism in 1989 and now lies derelict.

Agia Solomoni

The small arch covered church of Ayia Solomoni is built on a low hill to the east of the village of Koma tou Yialou in the Karpas. The church dates from the 8th century and was originally decorated throughout with frescoes. Unfortunately, its long abandonment and disrepair, had resulted in the destruction of most of the murals. The frescoes of the church of Ayia Solomoni are unique in Cyprus and can be dated to the 9th century. Unfortunately, these murals have been removed after the 1974 events and smuggled abroad to be sold on the black market.

Apostolos Andreas Monastery

The Monastery of Apostle Andreas is situated on a rocky beach in the easternmost point of the Karpas peninsula. It was built in 1867 with the initiative of priest Ioannes and inaugurated by Archbishop Sophronios I. The monastery was built in the spot where, during his first missionary journey, Apostle Andreas needed to disembark his ship and miraculously exposed a natural water source.

Agios Spyridon

AGIOS SPYRIDON, one of the last traditional fishing vessels (‘τράτες’) of Cyprus, has been out of water for many years, on the beach next to the small harbor of Latsi, Polis Chrysochous. Built on Crete in 1950, it belongs to the type of boat termed Karavοskaro. Very commonly used as fishing trawlers, only a limited number of karavoskara exists in the Aegean, nowadays; AGIOS SPYRIDON is one of the few among them that are longer than 18-22m. Considering all these points, the vessel should be listed as a monument of nautical heritage, which needs to be protected.

Antigonou Street House

During restoration works realized in a private house in Nicosia, archaeological remains have been discovered in the basement of the building. The archaeological excavation, conducted by the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus, unveiled two rooms featuring walls foundations, niches and pits. The house insists in an area where a monastery was presumably built.